Implementation of development cooperation
Finland works to promote its development policy objectives by means of both financing and political advocacy. It does this on both a bilateral and multilateral basis. The stakeholders involved include state actors, national or international NGOs, and private businesses. The various forms of aid and assistance are designed to complement one another, allowing Finnish aid to reach virtually all corners of the world.
Bilateral development cooperation is a direct partnership between the governments of Finland and a developing country. It is based on each partner country’s own development plans and close dialogue with that country.
Regional cooperation can assume different forms in different geographical regions. Regional projects differ from country-specific cooperation in that they are aimed at promoting regional integration and at supporting cross-border problem resolution.
Multilateral cooperation is conducted through UN agencies and international development funding institutions.
The European Union and its Member States are the world’s largest provider of development aid, accounting for over half of the global volume of aid. Through the EU, Finland can contribute to helping regions that otherwise would be beyond the capacity of its resources. Around one-fifth of Finnish development cooperation funds is channelled through the EU. Partners in cooperation include more than 160 countries, regions or agencies around the world. Most of the aid is donated in the form of grants. In addition the EU is the most important trade partner to many developing countries.
NGO development cooperation complements public development cooperation. It is channelled via Finnish and international NGOs, foundations and other non-state actors. An increasingly important part of the work of NGOs is to strengthen civil society in developing countries. This can also be supported directly through missions’ appropriations for local cooperation.
Private sector cooperationis crucial to Finnish efforts because the private sector has in recent years played an increasingly important role in development. Key instruments in this area are the state-owned development finance company Finnfund and the Finnpartnership programme, which support partnerships between business companies in Finland and in developing countries.
Humanitarian aid is provided to save human life and to alleviate suffering in times of crisis. It is based on international humanitarian law and on UN endorsed principles of equality, impartiality and independence.