European Union litigation
Many central principles of European Union law have been formed through case-law in the Court of Justice of the European Union (EU). Member States have the right to participate in all matters processed in the Court of Justice and thus the right to attempt to influence the Court’s decisions. The Court’s judgements clarify and specify the content of the Union’s legal provisions.
The task of the Court of Justice of the European Union is to ensure that the law is observed in the interpretation and application of the Treaties. It makes sure that European Union law is interpreted and applied in a uniform manner in the entire EU region.
The judgements of the Court of Justice are binding on all Member States, their courts and authorities. The Court of Justice settles disputes between Union institutions and Member States, and makes preliminary rulings on European Union law based on preliminary ruling requests by national courts.
The Court of Justice of the European Union comprises the Court of Justice, the General Court and specialised tribunals. Currently, the only specialised tribunal is the Civil Service Tribunal. All the courts are located in Luxembourg.
Court of Justice
The task of the Court of Justice is to settle the most important institutional issues and questions between the Union’s institutions and bodies. Its jurisdiction includes infringement cases raised by the Commission against Member States and requests for preliminary rulings by the Member States’ national courts. The Court of Justice also decides appeals on the judgements of the General Court.
The General Court, as the first instance, decides the majority of actions brought against the institutions or bodies of the European Union. Its central sphere of authority includes decisions on actions concerning competition rules brought by companies.
Civil Service Tribunal
The task of the Civil Service Tribunal is to settle disputes regarding civil servants of the European Union. The Civil Service Tribunal is the European Union’s first specialised tribunal, or judicial panel, which may be established for certain classes of action.
Finland aims to participate actively in all the cases being decided in the Court of Justice of the European Union which are important to Finland and on which Finland wishes to inform the Court of Justice of its views. Representing Finland at the Court of Justice of the European Union is the Agent or Deputy Agent of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs. The Agent is assisted by the Unit for EU Litigation, which prepares the cases in cooperation with the Ministry in charge of the particular field. The Unit for EU Litigation also responds to the Commission’s formal notices and reasoned opinions which precede a potential action for infringement of membership obligations.
Measures of the Finnish Government in EU litigation and EU infringement cases 2008-2012
Report of the working group on the Åland Islands’ right to speak 2007
Annual reports 2003-2007
- Toimintakertomus ajalta 1.1.–31.12.2007 (pdf 256 kt)
- Toimintakertomus ajalta 1.1.–31.12.2006 (pdf 244 kt)
- Toimintakertomus ajalta 1.1.-30.6.2006 (pdf, 205 kt)
- Toimintakertomus ajalta 1.1.-31.12.2005 (pdf, 362 kt)
- Toimintakertomus ajalta 1.1.-31.12.2004 (pdf, 179 kt)
- Toimintakertomus ajalta 1.1.-31.12.2003 (pdf, 255 kt)