Finland’s Longterm Partner Countries in Development Cooperation
Together with the partner countries, Finland draws up a Country Strategy for each country, based on the partner country’s own development programme as well as on Finland’s operational guidelines for the implementation of development policy.
The country strategies look to the future
The strategy for each country estimates the risks association with development cooperation activities and plans risk management in advance. The aim is that the partner country will lead the coordination of development cooperation in the implementation.
Finland’s country programme takes into consideration as far as possible the work already done jointly with other donors (for example, the EU country strategies and multi-donor development cooperation programmes carried out jointly with Finland).
In accordance with EU recommendations, each country programme tries to contain at least three areas of development cooperation, such as education, forestry, or energy. These areas of joint cooperation are agreed upon together with the partner country. They are adapted to the other activities of the donor community so that there is minimal overlap or conflicts.
Monitoring of Progress
The Country Strategy defines indicators to use to monitor the progress of development cooperation in the partner country, and to evaluate the effectiveness of Finland’s activities. Data from this monitoring, for example, poverty statistics, is also used where possible in the partner country’s own monitoring system. Finland also actively participates in the development of monitoring.
Non-government organisations (NGOs) are encouraged to supplement Finland’s development cooperation activities with their own activities in the partner country.
Finland uses a wide range of both general and sector budget support and other forms of support to attain the goals of the country strategy. Budget support is provided in compliance with EU practices.
The amount of budget support is based on an agreement between the partner country and the donor. It´s an agreement which emphasises good governance, human rights, the reduction of inequalities, and democratic values.
Budget support is seen as an incentive to i.a. stronger, more open, and more transparent governance, as well as strengthening civil society.